Problem zróżnicowania wewnątrzgatunkowego człowieka

Krzysztof Borysławski

The Problem of the Racial Diversity of the Human Species

The article presents the universal, biological mechanisms of the genesis of race with particular focus on the factors that influence the formation of the adaptive features specific for humans. I discuss the essential historical and modern conceptions of racial topology and examine their validity in the description of pre-historical and modern populations. The controversial problematics of human racial differentiation has always been one of the main interests of both physical and cultural anthropology. In my paper I attempt to illuminate the differences in understanding race by the representatives of the two disciplines. In conclusion I emphasize the actuality and audacity of the slogan: “one race – human race”, that is, the racial diversity of human beings in history.

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